Simplified surface preparation for GaAs passivation using atomic layer-deposited high-kappa dielectrics
Date of this VersionAugust 2007
IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON ELECTRON DEVICES, VOL. 54, NO. 8, AUGUST 2007
This document has been peer-reviewed.
Atomic layer deposition (ALD) provides a unique opportunity to integrate high-quality gate dielectrics on III-V compound semiconductors. The physics and chemistry of a III-V compound semiconductor surface or interface are problems so complex that even after three decades research understanding is still limited. We report a simplified surface preparation process using ammonium hydroxide (NH4OH) to remove the native oxide and make the hydroxylated GaAs surface ready for ALD surface chemistry. The effectiveness of GaAs passivation with ALD Al2O3 is demonstrated with small hysteresis, 1%-2% frequency dispersion per decade at accumulation capacitance, and a mid-bandgap D-it of 8 x 10(11) to 1 x 10(12) cm(-2) . eV(-1) determined by the Terman method. The results from ammonium sulfide [ (NH4)(2)S]-, hydrofluoric acid (HF)-, and hydrochloric acid (HCl)-treated surfaces and a surface with native oxide are also presented to compare with the results from the ammonium-hydroxide-treated surface. Fermi-level unpinning is also easily demonstrated on the ALD HfO2 and p-type GaAs interface.