Ion transport in the microporous titanosilicate ETS-10
Impedance spectroscopy was used to investigate ion transport in the microporous crystalline framework titanosilicate ETS-10 in the frequency range from 1 Hz to 10 MHz. These data were compared to measured data from the microporous aluminosilicate zeolite X. Na-ETS-10 was found to have a lower activation energy for ion conduction than that of NaX, 58.5 kJ/mol compared to 66.8 kJ/mol. However, the dc conductivity and ion hopping rate for Na-ETS-10 were also lower than NaX. This was found to be due to the smaller entropy contribution in Na-ETS-10 because of its high cation site occupancy. This was verified by ion exchanging Na+ with Cu2+ in both microporous frameworks. This exchange decreases the cation site occupancy and reduces correlation effects. The exchanged Cu-ETS-10 was found to have both lower activation energy and higher ionic conductivity than CuX. Zeolite X has the highest ion conductivity among the zeolites, and thus the data shown here indicate that ETS-10 has more facile transport of higher valence cations which may be important for ion-exchange, environmental remediation of radionucleotides, and nanofabrication.
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