Recommended CitationLee, K. S., and D. M. Bullock. Traffic Signals in School Zones. Publication FHWA/IN/JTRP-2002/32. Joint Transportation Research Program, Indiana Department of Transportation and Purdue University, West Lafayette, Indiana, 2003. doi: 10.5703/1288284313335.
Traffic signals are used to control the right of way at intersections. Strict engineering guidelines are published in the Manual on Uniform Traffic Control Devices (MUTCD) that engineers use to determine if a traffic signal is “warranted”. The warrants provide consistent national balance between mobility, safety, efficiency, and costs. However, signalized intersections are often viewed by the general public as safer then unsignalized intersections. This belief is often heightened when there are personal injuries and even higher when children are involved. Parents, city officials, and local interest groups often vigorously request the installation of a traffic signal. After these requests are received, an engineering study is performed, and a traffic signal is often determined to be not warranted. It is the traffic engineer’s responsibility to explain to the public why a signal is not needed. These results are not the desired response and in turn the public becomes more diligent for their cause and the cycle continues. This cycle of request and denial for a traffic signal is often seen at intersections adjacent to schools. This report examines signal installations at minimally warranted intersections between 1991 through 1999. Before and after accident data was analyzed at each of these intersections showing a difference in annualized crash rates for accident type and severity. This data suggests that for intersections not meeting warrants defined by the Manual on Uniform Traffic Control Devices, traffic signals should not be installed.
school zones, accidents, crash, signal warrants, safety, SPR-2751
Joint Transportation Research Program
West Lafayette, IN
Date of this Version