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Abstract

Substandard, spurious, falsely labeled, falsifi ed, and counterfeit (SSFFC) medications are a major concern in countries around the world, especially in the developing world. Forged and substandard medications pose major threats to the well-being and economic status of citizens in developing countries. This research focuses on designing an educational module and laboratory exercise that will teach students how to detect SSFFC medications with a universal method using high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). This research is also focused on the implementation of the module at the Kilimanjaro School of Pharmacy (KSP) located in Tanzania. Acetaminophen tablets from four countries were purchased in Tanzania and tested at Purdue University and KSP yielding an adequate sample of HPLC data to establish the purity of the drug product. Utilizing the approach developed here, additional medications can be analyzed to combat concerns about SSFFC medications in Tanzania and throughout the developing world. Furthermore, we describe the implementation of this method in Tanzania at KSP.

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