The International Refrigeration and Air Conditioning Conference covers a wide range of topics of interest to researchers and engineers involved in the development of technology improvements and/or assessments of air conditioning and refrigeration equipment. In 2010, proceedings for this conference included 156 papers from authors all over the world. For 2012, we are soliciting papers on topics ranging from fundamental to applied, including heat transfer and fluid flow fundamentals, alternative refrigerants and working fluids, modeling of components and systems, heat exchanger enhancements and characterizations, controls, diagnostics, domestic, commercial and industrial refrigeration, heat pumps, transport refrigeration and air conditioning.”

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Proceedings from 2014

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Steady State And Transient Validation Of Heat Pumps Using Alternative Lower-GWP Refrigerants, Viren Bhanot, Daniel Bacellar, Jiazhen Ling, Abdullah Alabdulkarem, Vikrant Aute, and Reinhard Radermacher

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Modeling of Lubricant Effects in a Microchannel Type Condenser, Andrea A. M. Bigi, Lorenzo Cremaschi, and Daniel E. Fisher

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Noise Generation in Household Refrigerators: An Experimental Study on fluid Borne Noise, Carlos Boabaid Neto, Cláudio Melo, Arcanjo Lenzi, and André L. G. Caetano

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Prediction of Evaporator Frosting in Household Refrigerators Subjected to Periodic Door Opening, Bruno N. Borges, Cláudio Melo, and Christian J. L. Hermes

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Autoignition of R32 and R410 Refrigerant Mixtures with Lubricating Oil, Adam Boussouf, Vivien R. Lecoustre, Hao Li, Robert By, and Peter B. Sunderland

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Accelerated Thermal Cycling test for Heat Exchangers Used in Reversible Heat Pump, Chad D. Bowers, George Baker, Stefan Elbel, and Predrag S. Hrnjak

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Improvements in Refrigerant Flow Distribution Using an Expansion Valve with Integrated Distributor, Chad D. Bowers, Dave Wrocklage, Stefan Elbel, and Predrag S. Hrnjak

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Comparing COP Optimization with Maximizing the Coefficient of System Performance for Refrigeration Systems in Supermarkets, Martin R. Braun, Stephen B. M. Beck, and Ha?im Altan

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Virtual Power Consumption and Cooling Capacity Virtual Sensors for Rooftop Units, Howard Cheung and James E. Braun

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A General Correlation to Predict The Flow Boiling Heat Transfer of R410A in Macro/Mini Channels, Nguyen-Ba Chien, Pham-Quang Vu, Kwang-Il Choi, and Jong-Taek Oh

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Thermodynamic and Heat Transfer Properties of Al2O3 Nanolubricants, Lorenzo Cremaschi, Thiam Wong, and Andrea A. M. Bigi

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Comparing R1233zd And R245fa For Low Temperature ORC Applications, Bala V. Datla and Joost J. Brasz

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Effect of Refrigerant Charge, Compressor Speed and Air Flow Through the Evaporator on the Performance of an Automotive Air Conditioning System, Santanu Prasad Datta, Prasanta Kumar Das, and Siddhartha Mukhopadhyay

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A Low Carbon Defrost System, Thomas William Davies and Robin Campbell

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Designing And Testing An Air-PCM Heat Exchanger For Building Ventilation Application Coupled To Energy Storage, Bertrand Dechesne, Samuel Gendebien, Jonathan Martens, and Vincent Lemort

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Two-Phase Flow and Heat Transfer of a Non-Azeotropic Mixture inside a Single Microchannel, Davide Del Col, Marco Azzolin, and Stefano Bortolin

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Innovative Minichannel Condensers and Evaporators for Air Conditioning Equipment, Davide Del Col, Marco Rossato, Stefano Bernardinello, and Luca Zaramella

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Analysis of a Data Center Using Liquid-Liquid CO2 Heat Pump for Simultaneous Cooling and Heating, Supriya Dharkar, Orkan Kurtulus, Eckhard A. Groll, and Kazuaki Yazawa

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R1234yf FLOW BOILING HEAT TRANSFER INSIDE A 3.4 mm ID MICROFIN TUBE, Andrea Diani, Mariana Tiemi Tamura, Simone Mancin, Jader Barbosa, and Luisa Rossetto

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Experimental investigation of a Scroll unit used as a compressor and as an expander in a Heat Pump/ORC reversible unit, Olivier Dumont, Sylvain Quoilin, and Vincent Lemort

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Successful Design, Implementation, And Validation Of Transcritical R744 Technology For Beverage Display Coolers, Stefan Elbel, Yadira Padilla Fuentes, Chad D. Bowers, and Predrag S. Hrnjak

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A Model for Performance Prediction of Brazed Plate Condensers with Conventional and Alternative Lower GWP Refrigerants, Radia Eldeeb, Vikrant Aute, and Reinhard Radermacher

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Estimation of Vapor Quality at Compressor Suction of Air Conditioner, Kazuhiro Endoh

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The Effects of Gas Cooler Inlet Pressure on System Performance in Heat Pump Tumble Dryers, Serkan Erdem, Cenk Onan, Hasan Alpay Heperkan, and Derya Burcu Özkan

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The Evaluation method of HVAC System’s operation performance based on Energy Flow Analysis and DEA, Xing Fang, Xinqiao Jin, Bo Fan, and Yonghua Zhu

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Nanofluids Application as Nanolubricants in Heat Pumps Systems, Laura Fedele, Laura Colla, Mauro Scattolini, Filippo Bellomare, and Sergio Bobbo

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Waste Heat Dehumidification in CO2 Booster Supermarket, Brian Fricke, Vishaldeep Sharma, and Pradeep Bansal

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Transient Performance of a Liquid Desiccant Solar Regenerator, Habtamu Tafesse Gezahegn, Subhash Chandra Mullick, and Sanjeev Jain

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Low GWP Refrigerant and Partial Miscible Lubricant, Pierre Ginies, Philippe Dewitte, Marie France Terrier, and Mehdi Charni

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Pneumatically Driven Environmental Control System In Aircrafts Based On A Vapor-compression Cycle, Steffen Golle, Ullrich Hesse, and Frank Klimpel

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Experimental Comparison Of Working Fluids For Organic Rankine Cycle With Single-Screw Expander, Sergei Gusev, Davide Ziviani, Ian Bell, Michel De Paepe, and Martijn van den Broek

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An Experimental Study on the Capillary Tube Flow and its Effect on the Acoustic Behavior of Household Refrigerators, Daniel Hartmann and Cláudio Melo

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Impact of Dehumidification Modelling on the Performance Prediction for Minichannel Evaporators, Abdelrahman Hussein Hassan, Santiago Martinez-Ballester, and José Gonzálvez-Maciá

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Non-Adiabatic Capillary Tubes In Cycle Simulations, Martin Heimel, Erwin Berger, Stefan Posch, Martin Eichinger, and Raimund Almbauer

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Lubricants Optimized for use with R-32 and Related Low GWP Refrigerant Blends, Edward T. Hessell, Roberto A. Urrego, and Travis L. Benanti

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Chances and Limitations of a Hybrid Refrigerant System for Vehicle Air Conditioning, Ullrich Hesse

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Experimental Research On Gas Injection High Temperature Heat Pump With An Economizer, Yongning He, Lei Jin, Feng Cao, and Shengkun Chen

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Development Of An Industrial High Temperature Heat Pump With Twin Screw Compressor, Yongning He, Dongfang Yang, Feng Cao, and Gang Li

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Development of Economic Impact Models for RTU Economizer Faults, Andrew L. Hjortland and James E. Braun

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Design and Setup of the Micro-Turboexpander Transcritical CO2 System, Y. Hou, C.H. Liu, J.L. Ma, J. Cao, and S.T. Chen

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The Performance Matching of Inverter Room Air Conditioner, Bo Huang, Xiyuan Zhu, Hong Tao, and Da Shi

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Design Optimization of Variable Geometry Microchannel Heat Exchangers, Long Huang, Vikrant Aute, and Reinhard Radermacher

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Uncertainty Analysis on Prediction of Heat Transfer Coefficient and Pressure Drop in Heat Exchangers Due to Refrigerant Property Prediction Error, Long Huang, Vikrant Aute, and Reinhard Radermacher

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Fin Performance Analysis for Microchannel Heat Exchangers Under Dry, Wet and Partial Wet Conditions, Long Huang, Daniel Bacellar, Vikrant Aute, and Reinhard Radermacher

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Field Evaluation for Air-source Transcritical CO2 Heat Pump Water Heater with Optimal Pressure Control, Bin Hu, Yongning He, Shouguo Wang, Feng Cao, and Ziwen Xing

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Extremum Seeking Control of Hybrid Ground Source Heat Pump System, Bin Hu, Yaoyu Li, Baojie Mu, Shaojie Wang, John E. Seem, and Feng Cao

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Influence of Oil on Heat Transfer Characteristics of R410A Flow Boiling in Conventional and Small Size Microfin Tubes, Haitao Hu, Hao Peng, Guoliang Ding, Yongxin Zheng, Yifeng Gao, and Ji Song

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A New Method for Calculating Viscosity and Solubility of Lubricant- Refrigerant Mixtures, Jung-Tsung Hung, Jeng-Shiang Tsaih, and Hsu-Hua Tang

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Evaluation and Soft-Optimization for R410A Low-GWP Replacement Candidates through Testing and Simulation, Yunho Hwang, Abdullah Alabdulkarem, Radia Eldeeb, Vikrant Aute, and Reinhard Radermacher

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Thermal Decomposition of Lower-GWP Refrigerants, Makoto Ito, Chaobin Dang, and Eiji Hihara

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Transient Exergy Destruction Analysis of a Vapor Compression System, Neera Jain and Andrew Alleyne

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Model Predictive Control of Variable Refrigerant Flow Systems, Neera Jain, Daniel J. Burns, Stefano Di Cairano, Christopher R. Laughman, and Scott A. Bortoff

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Performance of an R-410A Room Air Conditioner Modified for Use with R-1234ze, Charles Janicki, Konrad Hermann, John Neuman, Patrick Riley, and Margaret M. Mathison

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An Experimental Comparison of the Refrigerant Flow through Adiabatic and Non-Adiabatic Helical Capillary Tubes, Puya Javidmand and Masoud Zareh

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Analytical Study on the Performance Characteristics of a Liquid Injection Refrigeration Cycle., Yongseok Jeon, Sanghun Lee, Jongho Jung, and Yongchan Kim

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Refrigerant Charge Reduction In Small Commercial Refrigeration Systems, Lingyan Jiang and Predrag S. Hrnjak

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Three-dimensional Numerical Investigations on Ejector of Vapour Jet Refrigeration System, Parveen Banu Jiautheen, Shaligram Tiwari, and Mani Annamalai

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Refrigerant and Lubricant Charge in AC Heat Exchangers: Experimentally Validated Model, Shenghan Jin and Predrag S. Hrnjak

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Lubricant Development To Meet Lower GWP Refrigerant Challenges, Joseph A. Karnaz

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Enhanced Heat Exchanger with Offset Spine Fin Design, Michael Kempiak and Brent Junge

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Transient pressure drop correlation between parallel minichannels during flow boiling of R134a, Dolaana M. Khovalyg, Predrag S. Hrnjak, and Anthony M. Jacobi

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Experimental Analysis Of Twisted Shaped Spot Evaporators At High Heat Fluxes, Tobias Knipping, Michael Arnemann, Ullrich Hesse, and Frank Humpfer

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Two-dimensional Numerical Analysis on Ejector of Vapour Jet Refrigeration System, Arun Kodamkayath Mani, Shaligram Tiwari, and Mani Annamalai

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Thermodynamic Assessment of High-Temperature Heat Pumps for Heat Recovery, Chieko Kondou and Shigeru Koyama

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Condensation and Evaporation of R134a, R1234ze(E) and R1234ze(Z) Flow in Horizontal Microfin Tubes at Higher Temperature, Chieko Kondou, Fumiya Mishima, JinFan Liu, and Shigeru Koyama

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Condensation and Evaporation of R744/R32/R1234ze(E) Flow in Horizontal Microfin Tubes, Chieko Kondou, Fumiya Mishima, JinFan Liu, and Shigeru Koyama

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HFO-1336mzz-Z: High Temperature Chemical Stability and Use as A Working Fluid in Organic Rankine Cycles, Konstantinos Kontomaris

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Assessment Of Life Cycle Climate Performance (LCCP) Tools For HVAC&R Applications With The Latest Next Generation Refrigerant Technology, Stephen Anthony Kujak, Panayu Robert Srichai, and Kenneth J. Schultz

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Magnetocaloric Cooling Near Room Temperature - A Status Quo with Respect to Household Refrigeration, Robin Langebach, Marcel Klaus, Christoph Haberstroh, and Ullrich Hesse

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A Comparison of Transient Heat-Pump Cycle Simulations with Homogeneous and Heterogeneous Flow Models, Christopher R. Laughman

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Analysis and Comparison of Two-Phase Ejector Performance Metrics for R134a and CO2 Ejectors, Neal Lawrence and Stefan Elbel

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Experimental and Numerical Study on the Performance of R410A Liquid Recirculation Cycles with and without Ejectors, Neal Lawrence and Stefan Elbel

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Novel Reduced GWP Refrigerant Compositions for Stationary Air Conditioning, Thomas J. Leck, Pavan K. Naicker, Joshua Hughes, and Bianca Hydutsky

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Heat Transfer Characteristics of the Non-uniform Grooved Tube considering Tube Expansion, Sangmu Lee, Akira Ishibashi, and Takuya Matsuda

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Determination of Refrigerant Path Number for Fin-tube Condenser Considering Heat Transfer Performance and Pumping Power, Won Jong Lee and Ji Hwan Jeong

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An Experimentally Validated Model for Microchannel Heat Exchanger Incorporating Lubricant Effect, Huize Li and Predrag S. Hrnjak

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Quantification of Liquid Refrigerant Distribution in Parallel Flow Microchannel Heat Exchanger Using Infrared Thermography, Huize Li and Predrag S. Hrnjak

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Theoretical and Experimental Research on CO2 Electrical Heating Pool Boiling Heat Transfer Outside a Horizontal Tube, Lan Li, Shengchun Liu, and Jinghong Ning

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Modelica-based Heat Pump Model for Transient and Steady-State Simulation Using Low-GWP Refrigerants, Jiazhen Ling, Hongtao Qiao, Abdullah Alabdulkarem, Vikrant Aute, and Reinhard Radermacher

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Thermal Comfort Evaluation of a Heat Pump System using Induced-air Supply Unit, Jiazhen Ling, Jian Xu, Vikrant Aute, and Reinhard Radermacher

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Experimental study of the Couple Characteristics of the Refrigerants and Vortex Tube, Nian Li, Zheng Wang, Xiaohong Han, and Guangming Chen

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Experimental Investigation of Multi-Functional Variable Refrigerant Flow System, Xiaojie Lin, Hoseong Lee, Yunho Hwang, Reinhard Radermacher, and Saikee Oh

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Review on Ejector Efficiencies in Various Ejector Systems, Fang Liu

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Thermodynamic Analysis Of Steam Ejector Refrigeration Cycle, Shengchun Liu, Chunyuan Zhu, and Hailin Li

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Study on Energy-Saving Performance of a Novel CO2 Heat Pump with Applications in Dairy Processes, Yefeng Liu, Eckhard A. Groll, Orkan Kurtulus, and Kazuaki Yazawa

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Pressure Loss Analysis of the Perforated Tube Attenuator, Zhan Liu, Qin Tan, Jming Cheng, Xling Yu, and Quanke Feng

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A PD Law Based Fuzzy Logic Control Strategy For Simultaneous Control Of Indoor Temperature And Humidity Using A Variable Speed Direct Expansion Air Conditioner, Zhao Li, Xiang Guo Xu, Shi Ming Deng, and Dong Mei Pan

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HFO1234ze(Z) saturated vapour condensation inside a brazed plate heat exchanger, Giovanni A. Longo, Claudio Zilio, Giulia Righetti, and J. Steven Brown

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R32 Heat Transfer Coefficient During Condensation In A Mini-Channel Multiport Tube, Alejandro Lopez-Belchi, Fernando Illán-Gómez, José-Ramón García-Cascales, and Francisco Vera-García

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Exergy And Energy Analysis Of Waste Heat Recovery Options For Cooling Capacity Production, Chantal Maatouk and Rayan Slim

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Experimental investigation on the influencing factors of a transcritical CO2 heat pump, J.L. Ma, C.H. Liu, Y. Hou, and T.W. Lai

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Materials Compatibility of HVACR System Materials with Low GWP Refrigerants, Julie A. Majurin, William Gilles, and Steven J. Staats

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Visualization of the Refrigerant Flow at the Capillary Tube Inlet of a Houseold Refrigeration System, Santiago Martinez-Ballester, Laetitia Bardoulet, Alessandro Pisano, José M. Bordes-Costa, and José M. Corberán

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Development of Flat Tube Heat Exchanger for Heat Pump Air Conditoner, Takuya Matsuda, Akira Ishibashi, Takashi Okazaki, Keisuke Hokazono, Daisuke Shimamoto, and Hiroki Okazawa

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Development of PVE Refrigeration Lubricants for R32, Tomoya Matsumoto and Yasuhiro Kawaguchi

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Principles Of Refrigerant Circuit Optimization In Single Row Microchannel Condensers, Sunil Mehendale, Vikrant Aute, and Reinhard Radermacher

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Experimental Comparison of the Refrigerant Reservoir Position in a Primary Loop Refrigerant Cycle with Optimal Operation, Jan Christoph Menken, Thomas Weustenfeld, and Jürgen Köhler

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Pressure Drop in Condensing Superheated Zone, Melissa Meyer and Predrag S. Hrnjak

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R-404A Alternative Refrigerant with Low Compressor Discharge Temperature, Barbara Minor, Vladimir Sulc, Jeff Berge, Michal Kolda, and Michal Hegar

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Optimized Performance of One-Bed Adsorption Cooling System, Takahiko Miyazaki, Ibrahim I. El-Sharkawy, Bidyut Baran Saha, and Shigeru Koyama