Conference Year

2016

Keywords

Organic Rankine Cycle, Waste heat recovery, Low Temperature, Scroll Expander, Exhaust gas

Abstract

Organic Rankine Cycles (ORC) are thermodynamic power cycles designed to generate work from low temperature sources, typically between 80 °C to 270 °C.  The low temperature heat input makes this technology attractive for applications in waste heat recovery from industrial processes, exhaust gas from diesel engines, solar systems, geothermal systems, and others.  The expander has the greatest effect on increasing the efficiency of an ORC. The operating  conditions that the expander is subjected to are directed related to its efficiency.  The performance of a 5 kW scroll expander with a displacement of 73.6 cm3 per revolution, operating at speeds from 500 to 3600 rpm, and using R245fa as the working fluid in a traditional Organic Ranking cycle is experimentally investigated In this paper. Tests were conducted varying the mass flow rate of the working fluid and varying source temperatures, while measuring the effective expander power production and the isentropic efficiency.  The experimental data was then used to develop a model of the scroll expander. Using this model, thermodynamic simulations were carried out for applications similar to exhaust gas waste heat recovery from internal combustion engines.

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