Journal of Microelectromechanical Systems 18,1 (2009) 119-28;
Fatigue initiation and failure of various microelectromechanical systems (MEMS) is of significant importance as they gain widespread acceptance in sensors and electronics. This paper presents an approach for utilizing available experimental fatigue data to evaluate the fatigue lives of MEMS components. The approach is based on a phenomenological discrete material representation in which a domain is represented by a collection of rigid elements that interacts via springs along their boundaries. The principles of continuum damage mechanics are used to degrade the spring stiffnesses as brittle damage occurs when the domain is subjected to fatigue loading. The model utilizes experimental stress-life data for LIGA Ni to identify the material properties used in the model. The proposed model captures the statistical distribution of material properties and geometrical randomness of the microstructure commonly observed in a wide variety of MEMS. Consequently, simulations that account for the variability in fatigue life can be readily performed. The model is applied to a dog-bone-shaped specimen to evaluate the influence of material heterogeneity and material flaws on fatigue crack initiation life and scatter. The ability of the model to predict the fatigue life of different types of MEMS devices and loading conditions is also demonstrated by simulating the fatigue stress-life behavior of a MEMS resonator support beam.
beams (structures), brittleness, fatigue cracks, LIGA, micromechanical resonators
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