Affective events theory and the job satisfaction-job performance relationship

Jeffrey P Nicholas, Purdue University

Abstract

Several propositions of Affective Events Theory were tested and used to examine the relationship between job satisfaction and job performance. Three experiments were conducted, each of which tested the relationships between mood and job satisfaction, mood and performance, and satisfaction and performance. In Experiment 1 subjects completed a test of arithmetic. Subjects worked on simple or complex versions of a molecule assembly task in Experiment 2, while subjects in Experiment 3 found themselves working on either a creative problem solving task, the Duncker Candle task, or an analytical problem solving task, the Tower of Hanoi puzzle. In all three experiments, the influence of mood on reports of satisfaction with the task were consistently found. Subjects in a positive mood reported more overall satisfaction with the tasks, regardless of their performance on the tasks than did subjects in a negative mood. Mood was found to influence performance in two of the three experiments, but little support was found for predictions of a job satisfaction-job performance relationship. The results suggest affect as an important influence on both satisfaction and performance. ^

Degree

Ph.D.

Advisors

Major Professor: Howard M. Weiss, Purdue University.

Subject Area

Psychology, Industrial

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