Advanced wireless communications using large numbers of transmit antennas and receive nodes
The concept of deploying a large number of antennas at the base station, often called massive multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO), has drawn considerable interest because of its potential ability to revolutionize current wireless communication systems. Most literature on massive MIMO systems assumes time division duplexing (TDD), although frequency division duplexing (FDD) dominates current cellular systems. Due to the large number of transmit antennas at the base station, currently standardized approaches would require a large percentage of the precious downlink and uplink resources in FDD massive MIMO be used for training signal transmissions and channel state information (CSI) feedback. First, we propose practical open-loop and closed-loop training frameworks to reduce the overhead of the downlink training phase. We then discuss efficient CSI quantization techniques using a trellis search. The proposed CSI quantization techniques can be implemented with a complexity that only grows linearly with the number of transmit antennas while the performance is close to the optimal case. We also analyze distributed reception using a large number of geographically separated nodes, a scenario that may become popular with the emergence of the Internet of Things. For distributed reception, we first propose coded distributed diversity to minimize the symbol error probability at the fusion center when the transmitter is equipped with a single antenna. Then we develop efficient receivers at the fusion center using minimal processing overhead at the receive nodes when the transmitter with multiple transmit antennas sends multiple symbols simultaneously using spatial multiplexing. ^
David J. Love, Purdue University.
Electrical engineering|Computer science