Accuracy assessment of airborne LIDAR data and automated extraction of features
Airborne LIDAR technology is becoming more widely used since it provides fast and dense irregularly spaced 3D point clouds. The coordinates produced as a result of calibration of the system are used for surface modeling and information extraction. In this research a new idea of LIDAR detectable targets is introduced. In the second part of this research, a new technique to delineate the edge of road pavements automatically using only LIDAR is presented.^ The accuracy of LIDAR data should be determined before exploitation for any information extraction to support a Geographic Information System (GIS) database. Until recently there was no definitive research to provide a methodology for common and practical assessment of both horizontal and vertical accuracy of LIDAR data for end users. The idea used in this research was to use targets of such a size and design so that the position of each target can be determined using the Least Squares Image Matching Technique. The technique used in this research can provide end users and data providers an easy way to evaluate the quality of the product, especially when there are accessible hard surfaces to install the targets. The results of the technique are determined to be in a reasonable range when the point spacing of the data is sufficient.^ To delineate the edge of pavements, trees and buildings are removed from the point cloud, and the road surfaces are segmented from the remaining terrain data. This is accomplished using the homogeneous nature of road surfaces in intensity and height. There are not many studies to delineate the edge of road pavement after the road surfaces are extracted. In this research, template matching techniques are used with criteria computed by Gray Level Co-occurrence Matrix (GLCM) properties, in order to locate seed pixels in the image. The seed pixels are then used for placement of the matched templates along the road. The accuracy of the delineated edge of pavement is determined by comparing the coordinates of reference points collected via photogrammetry with the coordinates of the nearest points along the delineated edge.^
James S. Bethel, Purdue University.
Engineering, Civil|Remote Sensing