The CTRC is a National Science Foundation Industry/University Cooperative Research Center, and addresses pre-competitive, longer-term research and development issues in the area of high-performance heat removal from compact spaces. The agenda for the Center is set on a yearly basis with research projects identified through a ranking by all members. Regular updates on the work are made available to members through a restricted-access web page. The Center meets twice a year to review progress and choose upcoming projects.

One of the distinctive features of CTRC is that the research agenda is set by the members—each member has a strong input in the research directions adopted. Since members are from diverse industries, beneficial cross-industry interactions are common. A product-oriented focus is maintained. Equipment manufacturers are included amongst the participants, and this facilitates a translation of research ideas and prototypes into products.

Link to the Cooling Technologies Research Center Web site

The following collection of documents represents research from the Cooling Technologies Research Center and related work by Dr. Suresh Garimella and his students.

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Manuscripts from 2008

Permeability and Thermal Transport in Compressed Open-Celled Foams, Ravi Annapragada, S V. Garimella, and Jayathi Y. Murthy

Analysis and Suppression of Base Separation in the Casting of a Cylindrical Ingot, Ravi Annapragada, Dawei Sun, and S V. Garimella

Electrothermal Bonding of Carbon Nanotubes to Glass, Sriharsha Aradhya, S V. Garimella, and Timothy Fisher

Energy Minimization-Based Analysis of Electrowetting for Microelectronics Cooling Applications, Vaibhav Bahadur and S V. Garimella

Flow Boiling Heat Transfer in Microchannel Cold Plate Evaporators for Electronics Cooling, S. S. Bertsch, E. A. Groll, and Suresh V. Garimella

Refrigerant Flow Boiling Heat Transfer in Parallel Microchannels as a Function of Local Vapor Quality, Stefan Bertsch, Eckhard A. Groll, and S V. Garimella

Review and Comparative Analysis of Studies on Saturated Flow Boiling in Small Channels,, Stefan Bertsch, Eckhard A. Groll, and S V. Garimella

Effects of Heat Flux, Mass Flux, Vapor Quality, and Saturation Temperature on Flow Boiling Heat Transfer in Microchannels, Stefan S. Bertsch, Eckhard A. Groll, and S V. Garimella

Visualization of Convection Patterns Near an Evaporating Meniscus using micro-PIV, Pramod Chamarthy, Hemanth Dhavaleswarapu, S V. Garimella, Jayathi Y. Murthy, and Steven Wereley

A Mathematical Model for Analyzing the Thermal Characteristics of a Flat Micro Heat Pipe with a Grooved Wick, K H. Do, S J. Kim, and S V. Garimella

Thermal Challenges in Next-Generation Electronic Systems, S V. Garimella, A. S. Fleisher, J. Y. Murthy, A. Keshavarzi, R. Prasher, C. Patel, S Bhavnani, R Venkatasubramanian, R Mahajan, Y Joshi, B Sammakia, B A. Myers, L Chorosinski, M Baelmans, P Sathyamurthy, and P Raad

Enhancement of External Forced Convection by Ionic Wind, David Go, Raul A. Maturana, Timothy Fisher, and S V. Garimella

Microchannel Size Effects on Local Flow Boiling Heat Transfer to a Dielectric Fluid, Tannaz Harirchian and S V. Garimella

Recent Advances in Microscale Pumping Technologies: A Review and Evaluation, Brian D. Iverson and S V. Garimella

Infrared Micro-Particle Image Velocimetry Measurements and Predictions of Flow Distribution in a Microchannel Heat Sink, Benjamin Jones, Poh-Seng Lee, and S V. Garimella

Electrical Actuation of Dielectric Droplets, Niru Kumari, Vaibhav Bahadur, and S V. Garimella

Electrical Actuation of Electrically Conducting and Insulating Droplets using AC and DC Voltages, Niru Kumari, Vaibhav Bahadur, and S V. Garimella

Saturated Flow Boiling Heat Transfer and Pressure Drop in Silicon Microchannel Arrays, Poh-Seng Lee and S V. Garimella

Experimental Evaluation of a Miniature Rotary Compressor for Application in Electronics Cooling, A. A. Sathe, E. A. Groll, and Suresh V. Garimella

Analytical model for an electrostatically actuated miniature diaphragm compressor, Abhijit A. Sathe, Eckhard A. Groll, and S V. Garimella

Microfluidic Delivery of Small Molecules into Mammalian Cells Based on Hydrodynamic Focusing, F Wang, H Wang, J Wang, H.-Y. Wang, P L. Rummel, S V. Garimella, and C Lu

An Analytical Solution for the Total Heat Transfer in the Thin-Film Region of an Evaporating Meniscus, Hao Wang, S V. Garimella, and Jayathi Y. Murthy

Transport from a Volatile Meniscus Inside an Open Microtube, Hao Wang, Jayathi Y. Murthy, and S V. Garimella

Manuscripts from 2007

Characterization and optimization of the thermal performance of miniature piezoelectric fans, Tolga Acikalin, S V. Garimella, Arvind Raman, and James Petroski

Prediction of Effective Thermo-Mechanical Properties of Particulate Composites, S R. Annapragada, D Sun, and S V. Garimella

Flow Boiling Heat Transfer to a Dielectric Coolant in a Microchannel Heat Sink, T. Chen and S V. Garimella

Experimental investigation of steady buoyant-thermocapillaryconvection near an evaporating meniscus, H. K. Dhavaleswarapu, Pramod Chamarthy, S V. Garimella, and Jayathy Y. Murthy

Ionic Winds for Locally Enhanced Cooling, David B. Go, S V. Garimella, Timothy Fisher, and R. K. Mongia

Towards a Thermal Moore’s Law, Shankar Krishnan, S V. Garimella, Gregory M. Chrysler, and Ravi V. Mahajan

Induction electrohydrodynamics micropump forhigh heat flux cooling, Vishal Singhal and S V. Garimella

Analysis of Gap Formation in the Casting of Energetic Materials, D. Sun, S. R. Annapragada, S V. Garimella, and S. K. Singh

Piezoelectric Fans using Higher Flexural Modes for Electronics Cooling Applications, Sydney M. Wait, Sudipta Basak, S V. Garimella, and Arvind Raman

Characteristics of an evaporating thin film in a microchannel, Hao Wang, S V. Garimella, and Jayathy Y. Murthy

Microbubble return phenomena during subcooled boiling on small wires, Hao Wang, Xiaofeng Peng, S V. Garimella, and David M. Christopher

Microbubble Return Phenomena During Subcooled Boiling on Small Wires, H. Wang, X. Peng, S. V. Garimella, and D. M. Christopher

Manuscripts from 2006

An energy-based model forelectrowetting-induced droplet actuation, V. Bahadur and S V. Garimella

Hydrodynamic Loading of Microcantilevers Vibrating in Viscous Fluids, Sudipta Basak, Arvind Raman, and S V. Garimella

Measurements and high-speed visualizations of flow boilingof a dielectric fluid in a silicon microchannel heat sink, Tailian Chen and S V. Garimella

Subcooled Boiling Incipience on a Highly Smooth Microheater, T. Chen, J. F. Klausner, S V. Garimella, and J. N. Chung

On-Chip Thermal ManagementWith Microchannel Heat Sinksand Integrated Micropumps, S V. Garimella, Vishal Singhal, and Dong Liu

Experimental and Numerical Investigation of Melting in a Cylinder, B Jones, D Sun, S Krishnan, and S V. Garimella

Thermally developing flow and heat transfer in rectangularmicrochannels of different aspect ratios, Poh-Seng Lee and S V. Garimella

Performance Analysis of a Miniature-Scale Vapor Compression System For Electronics Cooling: Bread Board Setup, S. Trutassanawin, L. Cremaschi, E. A. Groll, and Suresh V. Garimella

Experimental Investigation of a Miniature-Scale Refrigeration System for Electronics Cooling, S. Trutassanawin, E. A. Groll, S V. Garimella, and L Cremaschi

Experimental Investigation of a Miniature-ScaleRefrigeration System for Electronics Cooling, Suwat Trutassanawin, Eckhard A. Groll, S V. Garimella, and Lorenzo Cremaschi

Microbubble Return Phenomena During Subcooled Boiling on Small Wires, H Wang, X. F. Peng, S V. Garimella, and D. Christopher

Manuscripts from 2005

Subcooled boiling incipience on a highly smooth microheater, Tailian Chen, James F. Klausner, S V. Garimella, and Jacob N. Chung

Advances In Mesoscale Thermal Management Technologies for Microelectronics, S V. Garimella

A Novel Hybrid Heat Sink using Phase Change Materials for Transient Thermal Management of Electronics, Shankar Krishnan, S V. Garimella, and S. S. Kang

Investigation of heat transfer in rectangular microchannels, Poh-Seng Lee, S V. Garimella, and Dong Liu

Analysis and optimizationof the thermal performance ofmicrochannel heat sinks, Dong Liu and S V. Garimella

Infrared micro-particle image velocimetryin silicon-based microdevices, Dong Liu, S V. Garimella, and Steve Wereley

Prediction of the onset of nucleate boilingin microchannel flow, Dong Liu, Poh-Seng Lee, and S V. Garimella

Low-voltage ionization of air withcarbon-based materials, M. S. Peterson, W. Zhang, T. S. Fisher, and S V. Garimella

A Novel Valveless Micropump WithElectrohydrodynamic Enhancement for HighHeat Flux Cooling, Vishal Singhal and S V. Garimella

An Experimentally Validated Thermo-mechanical Model for the Prediction of Thermal Contact Conductance, Vishal Singhal, Paul J. Litke, Anthony F. Black, and S V. Garimella

Manuscripts from 2004

Experimental Investigation of the Thermal Performance of Piezoelectric Fans, Tolga Acikalin, Sydney M. Wait, S V. Garimella, and Arvind Raman

Single-Phase Flow and Heat Transport and Pumping Considerations in Microchannel Heat Sinks, S V. Garimella and Vishal Singhal

Analysis of a Phase Change Energy Storage System for Pulsed Power Dissipation, S Krishnan and S V. Garimella

Analysis and Optimization of the Thermal Performance of Microchannel Heat Sinks, Dong Liu and S V. Garimella

Low Reynolds number flow through nozzle-diffuserelements in valveless micropumps, Vishal Singhal, Jayathi Y. Murthy, and S V. Garimella

Optimization of Thermal Interface Materials forElectronics Cooling Applications, Vishal Singhal, Thomas Siegmund, and S V. Garimella

Optimization of Thermal Interface Materials for Electronics Cooling Applications, V. Singhal, T. Siegmund, and Suresh V. Garimella

Simulation of ion generation and breakdown in atmospheric air, W. Zhang, T. S. Fisher, and S V. Garimella

Manuscripts from 2002

Contributions from Thermal Challenges inNext Generation Electronic Systems (THERMES), S V. Garimella and Yogendra K. Joshi

Thermal Challenges in Next Generation ElectronicSystems- Summary of Panel Presentations andDiscussions, S V. Garimella, Yogendra K. Joshi, Avram Bar-Cohen, Ravi Mahajan, K. C. Toh, V. P. Carey, M. Baelmans, J. Lohan, B. Sammakia, and F. Andros

Concentration Fields in the Solidification Processing of Metal Matrix Composites, B Moussa, J E. Simpson, and S V. Garimella

Manuscripts from 1999

Experimental Optimization of Confined Air Jet Impingement on a Pin Fin Heat Sink, L. A. Brignoni and S V. Garimella

The Development of a Bubble Rising in a Viscous Liquid, L. Chen, S V. Garimella, J. A. Reizes, and E. Leonardi

Fiber-Spacing Effects in the Solidification Processing of Metal Matrix Composites, M M. Guslick, J E. Simpson, and S V. Garimella

Manuscripts from 1997

Motion of Interacting Gas Bubbles in a Viscous Liquid Including Wall-Effects and Evaporation, L. Chen, S V. Garimella, J. A. Reizes, and E. Leonardi