The CTRC is a National Science Foundation Industry/University Cooperative Research Center, and addresses pre-competitive, longer-term research and development issues in the area of high-performance heat removal from compact spaces. The agenda for the Center is set on a yearly basis with research projects identified through a ranking by all members. Regular updates on the work are made available to members through a restricted-access web page. The Center meets twice a year to review progress and choose upcoming projects.

One of the distinctive features of CTRC is that the research agenda is set by the members—each member has a strong input in the research directions adopted. Since members are from diverse industries, beneficial cross-industry interactions are common. A product-oriented focus is maintained. Equipment manufacturers are included amongst the participants, and this facilitates a translation of research ideas and prototypes into products.

Link to the Cooling Technologies Research Center Web site

The following collection of documents represents research from the Cooling Technologies Research Center and related work by Dr. Suresh Garimella and his students.

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Manuscripts from 2011

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A microscale model for thin-film evaporation in capillary wick structures, Ram Ranjan, Jayathi Y. Murthy, and S V. Garimella

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Transport in Passive, High Thermal Conductivity Heat Spreaders, R. Ranjan, S V. Garimella, and J. Y. Murthy

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Assessment of Nanostructured Capillary Wicks for Passive, Two-Phase Heat Transport, R. Ranjan, S V. Garimella, J. Y. Murthy, and K. Yazawa

Numerical Investigation of Heat and Mass Transfer from an Evaporating Meniscus in a Heated Open Groove, H Wang, Z. Pan, and S V. Garimella

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Design of Integrated Nanostructured Wicks for High-Performance Vapor Chambers, Justin A. Weibel, S V. Garimella, Jayathi Y. Murthy, and David H. Altman

Manuscripts from 2010

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Electrical Actuation-Induced Droplet Transport on Smooth and Superhydrophobic Surfaces, V. Bahadur and S V. Garimella

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Microtomography-Based Simulation of Transport Through Open-Cell Metal Foams, Karthik K. Bodla, Jayathi Y. Murthy, and S V. Garimella

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Resistance network-based thermal conductivity model for metal foams, Karthik K. Bodla, Jayathi Y. Murthy, and S V. Garimella

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Measurement of the Temperature Non-uniformity in a Microchannel Heat Sink Using Microscale Laser-Induced Fluorescence, P. Chamarthy, S. T. Wereley, and S V. Garimella

Simulation of Condensation in a Circular Minichannel: Application of VOF Method and Turbulence Model, E. Da Riva, E. Del Col, A. Cavallini, and Suresh V. Garimella

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A Comprehensive Flow Regime Map for Microchannel Flow Boiling with Quantitative Transition Criteria, Tannaz Harirchian and S V. Garimella

Thermal Analog to AFM Force-Displacement Measurements for Nanoscale Interfacial Contact Resistance, B. D. Iverson, J. E. Blendell, and S V. Garimella

Pressure and Flow Rate Performance of Piezoelectric Fans, Mark Kimber, Kazuhiko Suzuki, Nobutaka Kitsunai, Kenichi Seki, and S V. Garimella

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Analysis of Evaporating Mist Flow for Enhanced Convective Heat Transfer, N. Kumari, V. Bahadur, M. Hodes, T. Salamon, P. Kolodner, A. Lyons, and S V. Garimella

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Bubble Nucleation Characteristics in Pool Boiling of a Wetting Liquid on Smooth and Rough Surfaces, John P. Mchale and S V. Garimella

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Heat Transfer in Trapezoidal Microchannels of Various Aspect Ratios, John P. McHale and S V. Garimella

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A numerical model for transport in flat heat pipes considering wick microstructure effects, Ram Ranjan, Jayathi Y. Murthy, S V. Garimella, and Unnikrishnan Vadakkan

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Marangoni Convection and Thin-film Evaporation in Microstructured Wicks for Heat Pipes, R. Ranjan, J. Y. Murthy, and S V. Garimella

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Dynamic Analysis of an Electrostatic Compressor, Abhijit. A. Sathe, Eckhard A. Groll, and S V. Garimella

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Thermal Management of a Soft Starter: Transient Thermal Impedance Model and Performance Enhancements using Phase Change Materials, F. Volle, S. V. Garimella, and M. A. Juds

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Characterization of Evaporation and Boiling from Sintered Powder Wicks Fed by Capillary Action, J. A. Weibel, S. V. Garimella, and M. T. North

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Molten Salt Thermal Energy Storage in Thermoclines under Different Environmental Boundary Conditions, Z. Yang and S V. Garimella

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Thermal Analysis of Solar Thermal Energy Storage in a Molten-Salt Thermocline, Z. Yang and S V. Garimella

Manuscripts from 2009

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Analysis and Prediction of the Thermal Performance of Piezoelectrically Actuated Fans, T. Acikalin and S V. Garimella

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A Composite Heat Transfer Correlation for Saturated Flow Boiling in Small Channels, S S. Bertsch, E A. Groll, and S V. Garimella

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Effects of Heat Flux, Mass Flux, Vapor Quality, and Saturation Temperature on Flow Boiling Heat Transfer in Microchannels, S S. Bertsch, E A. Groll, and S V. Garimella

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Nonlinear Aerodynamic Damping of Sharp-Edged Beams at Low Keulegan-Carpenter Numbers, Rahul A. Bidkar, Mark Kimber, Arvind Raman, Anil K. Bajaj, and S V. Garimella

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Non-Intrusive Temperature Measurements Using Microscale Visualization Techniques, Pramod Chamarthy and S V. Garimella

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Thin-Film Evaporation in an Evaporating Droplet, H. K. Dhavaleswarapu, C. P. Migliaccio, S. V. Garimella, and J. Y. Murthy

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Microscale Temperature Measurements near the Triple Line of an Evaporating Thin Liquid Film, H. K. Dhavalewsarapu, S V. Garimella, and J. Y. Murthy

Microscale Thermal Transport and Electromechanical Microfluidic Actuation, S. V. Garimella and D. Liu

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Direct Simulation of Ionization and Ion Transport for Planar Microscale Ion Generation Devices, D. B. Go, T S. Fisher, and S V. Garimella

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Planar Microscale Ionization Devices in Atmospheric Air with Diamond-Based Electrodes, D. B. Go, T. S. Fisher, S V. Garimella, and V. Bahadur

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Effects of Channel Dimension, Heat Flux, and Mass Flux on Flow Boiling Regimes in Microchannels, Tannaz Harirchian and S V. Garimella

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The Critical Role of Channel Cross-Sectional Area in Microchannel Flow Boiling Heat Transfer, Tannaz Harirchian and S V. Garimella

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Effects of Discrete-Electrode Configuration on Traveling-Wave Electrohydrodynamic Pumping, B D. Iverson, L Cremaschi, and S V. Garimella

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Experimental Characterization of Induction Electrohydrodynamics for Integrated Microchannel Pumping, Brian D. Iverson and S V. Garimella

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The Influence of Surface Roughness on Nucleate Pool Boiling Heat Transfer, B. J. Jones, J. P. McHale, and S V. Garimella

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Measurement and Prediction of the Cooling Characteristics of a Generalized Vibrating Piezoelectric Fan, Mark L. Kimber and S V. Garimella

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Cooling Performance of Arrays of Vibrating Cantilevers, M. L. Kimber and S V. Garimella

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Experimental Study of Aerodynamic Damping in Arrays of Vibrating Cantilevers, M. L. Kimber, R. Lonergan, and S V. Garimella

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Microfluidic Pumping based on Traveling-Wave Dielectrophoresis, D Liu and S V. Garimella

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Analysis of the Wicking and Thin-film Evaporation Characteristics of Microstructures, R. Ranjan, J. Y. Murthy, and S V. Garimella

Optimizaion of Electrostatically Actuated Miniature Compressors for Electronics Cooling, A. A. Sathe, E. A. Groll, and S V. Garimella

Optimization of Electrostatically Actuated Miniature Compressors for Electronics Cooling, A. A. Sathe, E. A. Groll, and S V. Garimella

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Experimental and Numerical Study of Melting of Particle-Laden Materials in a Cylinder, Dawei Sun, S R. Annapragada, and S V. Garimella

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Rarefied Gas Flow in Microtubes at Different Inlet-Outlet Pressure Ratios, Z. Yang and S V. Garimella

Manuscripts from 2008

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Permeability and Thermal Transport in Compressed Open-Celled Foams, Ravi Annapragada, S V. Garimella, and Jayathi Y. Murthy

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Analysis and Suppression of Base Separation in the Casting of a Cylindrical Ingot, Ravi Annapragada, Dawei Sun, and S V. Garimella

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Electrothermal Bonding of Carbon Nanotubes to Glass, Sriharsha Aradhya, S V. Garimella, and Timothy Fisher

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Energy Minimization-Based Analysis of Electrowetting for Microelectronics Cooling Applications, Vaibhav Bahadur and S V. Garimella

Flow Boiling Heat Transfer in Microchannel Cold Plate Evaporators for Electronics Cooling, S. S. Bertsch, E. A. Groll, and Suresh V. Garimella

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Refrigerant Flow Boiling Heat Transfer in Parallel Microchannels as a Function of Local Vapor Quality, Stefan Bertsch, Eckhard A. Groll, and S V. Garimella

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Review and Comparative Analysis of Studies on Saturated Flow Boiling in Small Channels,, Stefan Bertsch, Eckhard A. Groll, and S V. Garimella

Effects of Heat Flux, Mass Flux, Vapor Quality, and Saturation Temperature on Flow Boiling Heat Transfer in Microchannels, Stefan S. Bertsch, Eckhard A. Groll, and S V. Garimella

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Visualization of Convection Patterns Near an Evaporating Meniscus using micro-PIV, Pramod Chamarthy, Hemanth Dhavaleswarapu, S V. Garimella, Jayathi Y. Murthy, and Steven Wereley

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Thermal Resistance Measurement across a Wick Structure using a Novel Thermosyphon Test Chamber, T. W. Davis and S V. Garimella

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A Mathematical Model for Analyzing the Thermal Characteristics of a Flat Micro Heat Pipe with a Grooved Wick, K H. Do, S J. Kim, and S V. Garimella

Thermal Challenges in Next-Generation Electronic Systems, S V. Garimella, A. S. Fleisher, J. Y. Murthy, A. Keshavarzi, R. Prasher, C. Patel, S Bhavnani, R Venkatasubramanian, R Mahajan, Y Joshi, B Sammakia, B A. Myers, L Chorosinski, M Baelmans, P Sathyamurthy, and P Raad

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Enhancement of External Forced Convection by Ionic Wind, David Go, Raul A. Maturana, Timothy Fisher, and S V. Garimella

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Microchannel Size Effects on Local Flow Boiling Heat Transfer to a Dielectric Fluid, Tannaz Harirchian and S V. Garimella

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Flow Patterns During Convective Boiling in Microchannels, T. Harirchian and S V. Garimella

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Recent Advances in Microscale Pumping Technologies: A Review and Evaluation, Brian D. Iverson and S V. Garimella

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Infrared Micro-Particle Image Velocimetry Measurements and Predictions of Flow Distribution in a Microchannel Heat Sink, Benjamin Jones, Poh-Seng Lee, and S V. Garimella

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Simulation of Thermal Transport in Open-Cell Metal Foams: Effect of Periodic Unit Cell Structure, S. Krishnan, S V. Garimella, and J. Y. Murthy

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Electrical Actuation of Dielectric Droplets, Niru Kumari, Vaibhav Bahadur, and S V. Garimella

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Electrical Actuation of Electrically Conducting and Insulating Droplets using AC and DC Voltages, Niru Kumari, Vaibhav Bahadur, and S V. Garimella

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Saturated Flow Boiling Heat Transfer and Pressure Drop in Silicon Microchannel Arrays, Poh-Seng Lee and S V. Garimella

Experimental Evaluation of a Miniature Rotary Compressor for Application in Electronics Cooling, A. A. Sathe, E. A. Groll, and Suresh V. Garimella

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Analytical Model for an Electrostatically Actuated Miniature Diaphragm Compressor, Abhijit A. Sathe, Eckhard A. Groll, and S V. Garimella

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Microfluidic Delivery of Small Molecules into Mammalian Cells Based on Hydrodynamic Focusing, F Wang, H Wang, J Wang, H.-Y. Wang, P L. Rummel, S V. Garimella, and C Lu

An Analytical Solution for the Total Heat Transfer in the Thin-Film Region of an Evaporating Meniscus, Hao Wang, S V. Garimella, and Jayathi Y. Murthy

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Transport from a Volatile Meniscus Inside an Open Microtube, Hao Wang, Jayathi Y. Murthy, and S V. Garimella

Manuscripts from 2007

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Characterization and Optimization of the Thermal Performance of Miniature Piezoelectric Fans, Tolga Acikalin, S V. Garimella, Arvind Raman, and James Petroski

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Prediction of Effective Thermo-Mechanical Properties of Particulate Composites, S R. Annapragada, D Sun, and S V. Garimella

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Flow Boiling Heat Transfer to a Dielectric Coolant in a Microchannel Heat Sink, T. Chen and S V. Garimella

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Thermocapillary Convection Near an Evaporating Meniscus, H. K. Dhavaleswarapu, P. Chamarthy, S V. Garimella, J. Y. Murthy, and S. T. Wereley

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Experimental investigation of steady buoyant-thermocapillaryconvection near an evaporating meniscus, H. K. Dhavaleswarapu, Pramod Chamarthy, S V. Garimella, and Jayathy Y. Murthy

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Ionic Winds for Locally Enhanced Cooling, David B. Go, S V. Garimella, Timothy Fisher, and R. K. Mongia

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Heat and Mass Transport in Heat Pipe Wick Structures, B. D. Iverson, T. W. Davis, S V. Garimella, M. T. North, and S. Kang

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Local Heat Transfer Coefficients Under Flows Induced by Vibrating Cantilevers, M. Kimber and S V. Garimella

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Local Heat Transfer Coefficients Induced by Piezoelectrically Actuated Vibrating Cantilevers, M. Kimber, S V. Garimella, and A. Raman

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Towards a Thermal Moore’s Law, Shankar Krishnan, S V. Garimella, Gregory M. Chrysler, and Ravi V. Mahajan

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Analysis of Solid-Liquid Phase Change under Pulsed Heating, S. Krishnan, J. Y. Murthy, and S V. Garimella

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Flow Boiling Heat Transfer in Microchannels, D. Liu and S V. Garimella

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Induction electrohydrodynamics micropump forhigh heat flux cooling, Vishal Singhal and S V. Garimella

Analysis of Gap Formation in the Casting of Energetic Materials, D. Sun, S. R. Annapragada, S V. Garimella, and S. K. Singh

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Numerical and Experimental Investigation of Solidification Shrinkage, D. Sun and S V. Garimella

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Piezoelectric Fans using Higher Flexural Modes for Electronics Cooling Applications, Sydney M. Wait, Sudipta Basak, S V. Garimella, and Arvind Raman

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Characteristics of an Evaporating Thin Film in a Microchannel, Hao Wang, S V. Garimella, and Jayathy Y. Murthy