Microtomography-Based Simulation of Transport Through Open-Cell Metal Foams
K. K. Bodla, J. Y. Murthy, and S. V. Garimella, “Microtomography-Based Simulation of Transport through Open-Cell Metal Foams,” Numerical Heat Transfer Part A Vol. 58, pp. 527-554, 2010
Important heat transfer parameters of aluminum foams of varying pore sizes are investigated through CT-scanning at 20 micron resolution. Small sub-samples from the resulting images are processed to generate feature-preserving, finite-volume meshes of high quality. All three foam samples exhibit similar volumetric porosity (in the range ~91–93%), and thereby a similar thermal conductivity. Effective tortuosity for conduction along the coordinate directions is also calculated. Permeability simulations in the Darcy flow regime with air and water show that the foam permeability is isotropic and is of the order of 10^-7m^2. The convective heat transfer results computed for this range of Reynolds numbers exhibit a dependence on the linear porosity, even though the corresponding volumetric porosity is the same for all the samples considered.
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