This study was conducted to determine the effects of clofilium phosphate and bretylium tosylate on ventricular defibrillation threshold. Dogs were anesthetized with pentobarbital and subjected to repeated fibrillation-defibrillation episodes. Defibrillation thresholds were determined at 15-min intervals using underdamped 5-6 msec sinusoidal current shocks, from 30 min before drug injection to 120 min after injection. Eight dogs were given clofilium phosphate (0.34 mg/kg, iv). Another 10 dogs were given bretylium tosylate (10.0 mg/kg, iv). Both drugs lowered defibrillation threshold from 15-90 min after injection. The maximum clofilium effect was a 31% decrease in threshold current and a 54% decrease in threshold energy. The greatest decrease in defibrillation threshold produced by bretylium was 16% for current and 31% for energy. These drug induced changes in defibrillation threshold are of potential clinical benefit, if they occur in human subjects at doses that are effective for control of ventricular arrhythmias.
ACD, AICD, arrhythmia, automatic implantable defibrillator-cardioverter, defibrillation, ventricular fibrillation, sudden cardiac death
Date of this Version
Tacker, W A.; Niebauer, M J.; Babbs, Charles F.; Combs, W J.; Hahn, B M.; Barker, M A.; Seipel, J F.; Bourland, J D.; and Geddes, L A., "The effect of newer antiarrhythmic drugs on defibrillation threshold" (1980). Weldon School of Biomedical Engineering Faculty Publications. Paper 126.